Nicola Killeen Textiles offers
a variety of screen-printing techniques to achieve a range
of printing effects.
Pigment - the simplest form
of getting image onto cloth.
An economical method as the colour sits on top of the
fabric and is fixed by dry heat alone - but still widely
used in industry on fabrics where the handle is not
so important or the ink does not affect the handle.
Pigment is an effective method of printing for banners,
drapes, t-shirts, furnishing cottons.
Reactive dye - for cottons,
linens, silks and viscose when the colour is required
to penetrate the fabric as dye. The printed image has
no texture and the handle of the fabric is not affected.
A more expensive application than pigment as more complex
colour matching and dye fixation is required.
Acid dye - for silks, nylons,
and wools. The same principles as for reactive dye prints.
Both dyestuff print techniques are recommended for stretch
fabrics - especially for bodysuits and dancewear - where
a pigment would be unsuitable as the ink may rub away
as the fabric stretches.
Foil printing - a method
for creating metallic effects on cloth. A glue is printed
and then the foil is applied with a heated transfer
Texture - there are various
inks and chemicals to achieve effects of texture. From
expanding pigments and flock transfers to devoré
printing where part of the fibres of the cloth are burnt
Heat transfer - colour and
images can be applied to polyester and some nylons with
this method. Usually in special situations where a one-off
piece is required and the expense of creating a silkscreen